In the United Kingdom, a law to fight the gender pay gap

From this Thursday, companies with more than 250 employees will have to publish the average salaries of men and women as well as the gender breakdown by salary level.

Will the wage gap between men and women be reduced across the Channel? A law that comes into force this Thursday in the United Kingdom could help. From today, to establish a comparison between the sexes, companies and public establishments with more than 250 employees will have to publish data within a year (April 2018) on their website. What data is it? Average and median hourly wages for men and women and the average bonus paid over the last twelve months and the share of men and women who benefited, according to . Companies will also have to publish the proportion of men and women in the different quartiles: the best paid 25%, then the next 25%, and so on, down to the lowest paid.

The administration that will collect all these statistics will then be responsible for compiling them by sector of activity. On the other hand, no sanction is provided for companies that do not plan to publish this data.

In 2014 (latest data), across the Channel, women are paid on average 15.5% less than men, according to Eurostat. But beware, these data do not take into account differences in working time. In France, this gap is 13.5%, according to the European statistics body. Part-time, the wage comparison between men and women increases (16.4%) while it decreases in the United Kingdom (8%).

Also in 2014, according to Eurostat, in Germany men and women earn the same part-time salary, in Belgium men earn only 3.5% more, and in Sweden 5.1% more. Full-time, on the other hand, the difference in Germany amounts to 19.4% while in Belgium it is 1.4% and in Sweden 11.3%.

In other countries

To remedy these inequalities, the German government passed a bill last January requiring large companies to be transparent about wage differences between men and women. Companies with more than 200 employees will have to introduce a right to information on demand on remuneration criteria and those with more than 500 employees will also have to regularly publish a report drawing up an inventory of the wage gap between men and women.

In France, many measures have been taken in favor of a better distribution between men and women on the boards of directors of the CAC 40 and in the departmental councils. In addition, in 2014, a law requires better representation of women in the audiovisual sector. In 2015, new rules encourage the return of women to employment by imposing mixed parental leave. But .

Not far from our regions, the Icelandic government presented a bill to parliament on Tuesday, April 4, which will oblige companies and public services to prove that they pay equal wages to their employees regardless of their sex, making Iceland. The law, which is due to come into force in January 2008, will oblige companies and public services to undergo controls and thus have a document certifying that they practice equal pay, failing which they will have to pay a fine .

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