End of the conflict in Guyana, activity resumes

VIDEO – The social movement that had paralyzed French Guiana for more than a month ended on Friday evening with the signing of an agreement between the State, elected officials and the group that led the mobilization. The activity of the Kourou space center, interrupted during the conflict, should resume this Monday morning.

The activity will resume this Monday morning, at the Guiana space center in Kourou. The three launches, postponed pending the end of the social conflict (two Ariane 5 and a Soyuz), “will be rescheduled”, specified the center, and will probably be spread over the months of May and June. As for air flights from Paris to Cayenne, they should also resume in the coming days.

The social conflict that had paralyzed Guyana for more than a month ended on Friday evening. An agreement has indeed been signed between the State, the elected officials and the group that led the mobilization.

In this “Guyana Agreement”, the government notably took “note” of the request for an additional 2.1 billion euros made by the collective “Pou la Gwiyann ​​dékolé” (so that Guyana takes off). According to AFP, this sum – on which the State has committed that it will be the subject of “priority examination” with a view to its implementation, but without a precise timetable – will be added to the emergency plan in the amount of 1.1 billion euros already validated in early April by the government (the mobilization collective had then deemed this sum insufficient). In Kourou, the roundabout at the entrance to the Guiana space center was freed by activists on Saturday after they obtained, as they demanded, guarantees on the future of the medical-surgical center of their commune, where activity must also resume. In a statement, Overseas Minister Ericka Bareigts welcomed this agreement, referring to “a decisive day for the future of Guyana”.

Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve welcomed the signing of the agreement on Saturday. The result of a “sustained and fruitful” discussion, the agreement ratifies “the emergency plan for Guyana proposed by the government and acts of new progress in favor of Guyana in the short and medium term”, welcomed the services of the Prime Minister in a press release. “This agreement provides for the immediate lifting of all the dams”, also specifies Matignon.

Total land handover

Compared to the first agreements signed in Cayenne by the government on April 1, this new agreement presents few changes, apart from the green light from the government to build a “judicial city in Cayenne” and the acceptance that the question of the “total retrocession” of the lands to be discussed “during the next states general of Guyana”. It also acts that the State “will be the subject of a referral, by the congress of elected representatives of Guyana”, on a “statutory evolution” of the territory.

On land, the State also undertakes “to cede 250,000 hectares free of charge to the Guyanese Territorial Collectivity and to the municipalities of Guyana”, and 400,000 hectares to the Amerindians and Bushinengues. The collective also obtained the guarantee that there would be no prosecution against “the signatories of the agreement”.

A “hot potato” for the next government?

However, many questions remain. About the additional 2.1 billion euros, the State has pledged that the sum will be the subject of a “priority examination” with a view to its implementation, but without a precise timetable. A complexity summarized by the words of Davy Rimane, spokesperson for the collective in Cayenne. “We managed to get the protocol to appear in the official journal. Now we can work with this document and go to court if we are not satisfied,” he explained. Some members of the collective made themselves threatening: “Once the next government is in place, from day one, we will take action. The State owes us seven billion and not two”, asserted Olivier Goudet, . The Guyanese dossier will therefore be one of the first to be handled by the next government.

In total, the Guyanese social conflict therefore lasted more than a month. The mobilization collective – representing various components of Guyanese society (socio-professionals, associations, indigenous peoples, trade unions, etc.) – demanded in particular measures to strengthen the means of combating insecurity, opening up municipalities, some of which are not still have no water or electricity, better recognize indigenous peoples, improve failing health services and the school system unsuited to a galloping demography. . Many roadblocks had penalized the economy, nailed the Ariane rocket to the ground and caused product shortages.

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