The CFDT dethrones the CGT and becomes the first national union in the private sector

VIDEO – Philippe Martinez, the secretary general of the CGT, announced that the central had been dethroned by the CFDT in the private sector. The General Directorate of Labor has today summoned the five main unions and announced to them the results of their representativeness.

The did not manage to remain the first trade union at the national level, the dethroned it. A year ago, , secretary general of the CGT, had mentioned the risk that his organization would no longer be the first union in 2017. He blames the blow today: “In the private sector, the CGT passes second trade union organization with 24.86% and the CFDT makes 26.38%”, he said, before the announcement of the official results by the General Directorate of Labour. However, he recalled that his union remained the leading organization in VSEs (less than 11 employees) and in the public sector. “When we take the public and the private sector, the CGT remains the first trade union organization,” he said.

His CFDT counterpart, spoke in a tweet.

He had until now remained cautious in declaring that this eventuality would be “a shock” for the French trade union landscape. In March 2013, the CGT and the CFDT were already neck and neck: 26.77% of the votes for the CGT, 26% for the CFDT, followed by (15.94%), the (9.43%) and the (9.3%).

The General Directorate of Labor (DGT) convened the five representative organizations CGT, CFDT, FO, CFE-CGC and CFTC at the end of the morning to announce the results to them. Solidaires and Unsa, non-representative having received less than 8% of the votes in the previous results in 2013, will be received shortly after. The figures presented result from an aggregation of several votes, decided within the framework of union representativeness: votes collected between January 2013 and December 2016 in companies with more than 11 employees; votes collected in companies with less than 11 employees (TPE) between December 2016 and January 2017; votes of the departmental chambers of agriculture which took place in January 2013 for agricultural production employees. In total, 5.3 million people voted, ie 200,000 more than in 2013, “which will strengthen the legitimacy of the measure”, underlines the DGT.

“A real democratic change”

The CFTC and the CFE-CGC, whose audiences remain relatively close to the 8% threshold, have however both progressed. In addition to the 8% mark to be representative at the national level, a union must be representative in the branches of industry, construction, commerce and services, but also meet several representativeness criteria (minimum seniority of two years , independence, respect for republican values, financial transparency, etc.). Being representative allows a union to take part in negotiations and conclude agreements at national or interprofessional level.

Beyond the national ranking, Friday’s measure also marks a significant change at branch level, provided for under the Larcher law, applied in stages since 2008. Now, to be representative in a branch, a union must have garnered 8% of the vote. Until now, to be representative, it was enough for this union to be affiliated to one of the five representative organizations at national level, even if it had collected less than 8% in this branch. “It’s a real democratic change,” rejoices Luc Bérille, secretary general of Unsa. “The CGT, FO or the CFTC will no longer be able to negotiate in branches where they will have less than 8%”, he adds.

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