Twelve states and countries form an alliance to force the elimination of fossil fuels

Denmark and Costa Rica have led the ‘Beyond Oil & Gas Alliance (BOGA)’, which will seek a just transition of oil and gas production.

Twelve states and countries form an alliance to promote the elimination of fossil fuels

Costa Rica, Denmark, France, Greenland (self-governing danish territory), Ireland, Quebec, Sweden and Wales as core members; and California and New Zealand as associate members, have formed what is known as ‘Beyond Oil & Gas Alliance (BOGA)’.

And they have done it in framework of the COP26, the Glasgow Climate Summit, to establish an end date for its exploration and extraction of oil and gas and to restrict new licenses or undertake other important measures that contribute to the joint objective of aligning oil and gas production with the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

Co-chaired by Costa Rica and Denmark, BOGA will harness the momentum of the pioneers and create a international community of practice that can help governments fulfill their commitment to a managed phase-out of oil and gas production.

“Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance raises the bar for climate action. If we want to address the climate crisis, we need a managed but decisive phase-out of oil and gas production. I am pleased that the new members are joining forces with Costa Rica and Denmark to set a date for the end of fossil fuel production. We invite other national and subnational governments to join BOGA and align their oil and gas production with the goals of the Paris Agreement,” he said. Andrea Meza, Minister of Environment and Energy of Costa Rica.

“Science has made it clear: the age of fossils must come to an end. That is why Denmark has set a deadline for oil and gas production. And why we are building this alliance of countries willing to step forward. BOGA will help drive the momentum for countries to phase out their oil and gas production while creating a clean energy economy,” he says. Danish Climate Minister Dan Jørgensen.

All founding members signed the BOGA Declaration committing to support a socially just and equitable global transition to align oil and gas production with the goals of the Paris Agreement. This will be followed by concrete action, with major members committing to end new concessions, licenses or leasing rounds and to set a date aligned with the Paris Agreement to end oil and gas production.

“Respecting the Paris Agreement means moving away from two centuries of fossil fuel civilization in a few decades. What we must achieve is complete transformation of our economies and societies. In France, two-thirds of the energy consumed is still of fossil origin: we are taking steps to break out of this dependency by closing our last coal-fired power plants, converting our car industry to electrification, massively renovating our homes and developing renewables. energies”, said the Minister for the Ecological Transition of France, Barbara Pompili.

France became in 2017 the first country in the world to ban the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons in its territory and wants the same determination on a global scale.

“Climate changes are tangible. For Greenland, the BOGA initiative is a strong signal to prioritize renewable energy instead of continuing with the energy sources that we know are creating the problem”, added the Minister of Agriculture, Self-Sufficiency, Energy and Environment of the Greenland. Government of Greenland, Kalistat Lund.

“Through the 2021 Climate Act, Ireland has closed the door on new oil and gas exploration activities; there is no longer a legal basis for granting new licences. In line with the Irish government’s policy of keeping fossil fuels in the ground, we are also currently legislating to ban the exploration and extraction of coal, lignite and oil shale,” said Eamon, the Irish Minister for the Environment, Climate and Communications. Ryan.

“Quebec intends to fight climate change by exploiting, in particular, its abundant hydroelectric resources. But to achieve our goal of reducing GHG emissions by 37.5% in 2030 compared to 1990 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, we must also free ourselves from fossil fuels,” said Québec Premier François Legault.

“The use of fossil fuels should be a parenthesis in history. This is a clear step forward, showing that renewables are the future. We cannot continue to extract oil and gas during a rampant climate crisis and therefore I am proud that Sweden is joining BOGA today,” said Per Bolund, Swedish Minister for the Environment and Climate.

For its part, among the associate members, the US state of California has highlighted that its territory is a world leader in the fight against the climate crisis with bold actions to protect our planet while growing the economy, “but we cannot face the challenge of this existential threat alone,” according to California Governor Gavin Newsom.

The alliance also has strong support from Bloomberg Philanthropies, who is a partner in the alliance: “To win the battle against climate change, we need to speed up the global transition away from fossil fuels. To help do that, Bloomberg Philanthropies is now dramatically expanding its efforts to end coal power.”

“Denmark and Costa Rica are leading the way in phasing out oil and gas production, and the Alliance will bring together other governments to follow suit, improving health, strengthening economies and striking a major blow against climate change. “, He said Michael R. Bloomberg, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Climate Ambition and Solutions and founder of Bloomberg LP and Bloomberg Philanthropies.

those who are not

Some countries have turned down the invitation to join the coalition, in particular the United Kingdom, which has hosted the COP presidency, but will not put an end date on the phase-out of oil and gas.

Although many countries have taken net zero commitments, a considerable number of them have not agreed to decrease or stabilize production, which casts doubt on the individual strategies of each country to achieve carbon neutrality. Some of the main oil-producing countries -such as Saudi Arabia, Russia and Nigeria– have net zero targets and are also actively planning to increase fossil fuel production in the coming years.

The only guaranteed way to reduce fossil fuel emissions at scale is to cut production. Within the COP26 draft text there may be a stipulation for countries to include their pathways to net zero at the next COP meeting in 2022.